Exploring multilateral platforms for cross-border payments

Joint report by the BIS Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures (CPMI), the BIS Innovation Hub, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.

CPMI Other  | 
18 January 2023
PDF full text
 |  32 pages

Multilateral platforms – cross-border payment systems that are multi-jurisdictional by design – could enhance cross-border payments by reducing the need for intermediaries and allowing payment service providers in different jurisdictions to transact directly with each other. This joint report released by the CPMI, the BIS Innovation Hub, the IMF and the World Bank, identifies challenges to address and approaches to establishing a multilateral platform.

The report has been informed by a survey of central banks and through discussions with existing platform operators. It analyses the potential costs and benefits of multilateral platforms and how they might alleviate cross-border payments frictions. Two paths for establishing multilateral platforms can be followed – the growth approach and the greenfield approach. The growth approach involves expanding existing multilateral platforms to additional jurisdictions, currencies and participants. The greenfield approach involves building a new, potentially global, infrastructure for cross-border payments.

The decision to establish a multilateral platform, and the approach to doing so, requires careful consideration of the associated benefits, challenges and risks. This report offers key insights for payment system operators and authorities contemplating the expansion or establishment of multilateral platforms.