Anchoring of inflation expectations: has past progress paid off?

BIS Bulletin  |  No 51  | 
17 March 2022

Key takeaways

  • In the decade before the pandemic, inflation expectations became less volatile worldwide, as well as more consistent with inflation targets and less sensitive to inflation surprises.
  • This progress has paid off for many economies during the past year's surge in inflation: long-term expectations have remained largely anchored, but with notable exceptions.
  • Anchored expectations provide room for monetary policy manoeuvre, but how strongly they remain anchored will depend on central banks keeping inflation in line with their stated objectives.

Online appendix