Financial intermediation and monetary policy transmission in EMEs: What has changed post-2008 crisis?

BIS Working Papers No 546
March 2016

In contrast to the benign neglect of the financial system in traditional monetary models, there has been growing evidence in recent years that the size and the structure of financial intermediation play a critical role in the transmission of monetary policy. This paper reviews the implications of three key post-2008 crisis developments in financial intermediation - the role of banks, the globalisation of debt markets and the sustained decline in global long-term interest rates - for various transmission channels of monetary policy in EMEs. The paper argues that the globalisation of debt markets means that monetary policy can no longer be conducted through the short-term interest rate alone. This raises questions about the appropriate instruments to be used for economic stabilisation in this new environment.

JEL classification: E52, E58, G15

Keywords: financial intermediation, monetary policy, central banks