Basel Committee issues proposed revisions to the operational risk capital framework
4 March 2016
The Basel Committee has today issued for consultation proposed revisions to the operational risk capital framework. The new Standardised Measurement Approach (SMA) for operational risk builds on the Committee's earlier consultation paper issued in October 2014.
The proposed revisions to the operational risk capital framework are part of the Committee's broad objective of balancing simplicity, comparability and risk sensitivity. The SMA addresses a number of weaknesses in the current framework. In particular:
The SMA will replace the three existing standardised approaches for calculating operational risk capital as well as the Advanced Measurement Approach (AMA), thus significantly simplifying the regulatory framework;
The revised methodology combines a financial statement-based measure of operational risk - the "Business Indicator" (BI) - with an individual firm's past operational losses. This results in a risk-sensitive framework, while also promoting consistency in the calculation of operational risk capital requirements across banks and jurisdictions; and
The option to use an internal model-based approach for measuring operational risk - the "Advanced Measurement Approaches" (AMA) - has been removed from the operational risk framework. The Committee believes that modelling of operational risk for regulatory capital purposes is unduly complex and that the AMA has resulted in excessive variability in risk-weighted assets and insufficient levels of capital for some banks.
"The proposals are an important step towards completing the post-crisis reforms during the current year," said Stefan Ingves, Chairman of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and Governor of Sveriges Riksbank. He noted the Committee's plans to conduct a quantitative impact study (QIS) to help inform the final calibration of the proposed standard and added: "For most banks, the Committee expects that these proposals will have a relatively neutral impact on capital. While the objective of these proposals is not to significantly increase overall capital requirements, it is inevitable that minimum capital requirements will increase for some banks."
The Committee welcomes comments on all aspects of this consultative document and the proposed standards text. Comments on the proposals should be uploaded here by Friday 3 June 2016. All comments will be published on the website of the Bank for International Settlements unless a respondent specifically requests confidential treatment.