About derivatives statistics

These statistics cover derivatives traded on organised exchanges, outstanding positions in over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives markets, and turnover in foreign exchange and OTC interest rate derivatives markets. Together, they provide comprehensive measures for the size and structure of global derivatives markets.

OTC derivatives notional amount outstanding by risk category

OTC derivatives notional amount outstanding by risk category

About our data sets

The exchange-traded derivatives (XTD) statistics cover the turnover and open interest of foreign exchange and interest rate futures and options. The statistics are compiled from commercial data sources and cover contracts traded on over 50 organised exchanges. The main value added by the BIS is the conversion of data on the number of contracts into notional amounts using information about contract sizes. This enables consistent comparisons of levels and trends in activity across different exchanges. The BIS does not compile XTD statistics for equity, commodity or credit derivatives contracts, nor for derivatives that reference non-standard underlying instruments (eg inflation, weather or energy contracts).

The OTC derivatives statistics capture the outstanding positions of derivatives dealers, mainly banks. They cover the outstanding notional value, market value and credit exposure of OTC foreign exchange, interest rate, equity, commodity and credit derivatives, as well as Herfindahl concentration measures. Dealers report on a worldwide consolidated basis, including the positions of their foreign affiliates and excluding intragroup positions. The statistics are collected under the auspices of the Committee on the Global Financial System and reported to the BIS at a country, rather than individual dealer, level. The statistics are composed of data reported every six months by dealers in 12 jurisdictions (Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States) plus data reported every three years by dealers in more than 30 additional jurisdictions. For periods between Triennial Surveys, the outstanding positions of dealers in these additional jurisdictions are estimated by the BIS.

The Triennial Central Bank Survey captures the trading of foreign exchange instruments in spot and OTC derivatives markets, as well as of OTC interest rate derivatives. Turnover is reported on an unconsolidated basis, by the sales desks of reporting dealers. Dealers in as many as 53 jurisdictions participate in the Triennial Survey, and the statistics are reported to the BIS at a country, rather than individual dealer, level.